I can definitely recommend the X11 packages from the XQuartz project. They are more up to date than the X11 server shipped with OS X. Also, the Gimp packages over at Lisanet are fantastic, too. However, the default click behaviour of X11 or rather quartz-wm is not optimal, especially for the Gimp. Usually I like focus follows mouse, but for an interface like the Gimp, it does not make sense. You always inadvertendly focus on an image, that you did not want to focus. Since there is no delayed ffm mode in quartz-wm, I opted for click-to-focus instead. However, quartz-wm swallows mouse clicks on inactive windows. This is also not worthwile for the Gimp with it’s extra tool palette windows. So the soluation is: click-through combined with click-to-focus. Easy:
defaults write org.macosforge.xquartz.X11 wm_click_through -bool true
defaults write org.macosforge.xquartz.X11 wm_ffm -bool false
In newer releases you can set this also from the preferences (⌘,). If you are using the X11 version shipped with OS X, you can most probably just replace org.macosforge.xquartz.x11 with com.apple.x11.
Ok, last week I tried to switch my OpenSUSE system to use sudo rather than su for running things like YaST as root. This works relatively well, apart from the fact that I am not able to run X11 programs. My first guess was to edit the sudoers file so that the $DISPLAY does not get reset. So when I would do something like this:
$ sudo echo $DISPLAY
I would not get an empty line, but something like “localhost:10.0“. However, this does not work. Would have been too easy. The problem here is that of course the xauth cookie gets in the way. X11 uses cookie based authentication, which is stored in a file in the user’s home directory. After some googling I found out that an automatic xauth handling could be implemented in sudo using pam (pluggable authentication modules), but no one has done that so far. There are some people trying to do some magic tricks, involving the merging of root’s and the user’s xauth files, but I don’t like that this needs so many commands and not only a simple sudo command anymore. If I find anything more simple, I will post it here…
Well, one simple solution is as follows:
$ export XAUTHORITY=~/.Xauthority
$ sudo -E xeyes
Instead of using the -E flag (preserve environment), one could add DISPLAY and XAUTHORITY to the variables which are not reset in the /etc/sudoers file. Actually I think that is the most comfortable solution.